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Crucial P1 Review: Low Cost Meets Wild Performance

The Crucial P1 is the first NVMe solid-state drive (SSD) from Micron and continues the low-cost trend found in the MX500 and BX500

Indeed, at just $.22 per gigabyte, the new drive costs much less than other NVMe SSDs, like the Samsung 970 Evo or the WD Black.

But the affordability comes with potentially deal-breaking catches. The P1 can’t handle heavy loads and has relatively low endurance. Thus,  heavy users or those wanting to put a lot of data on it quickly should steer away.

On the other hand, if you’re a casual user, the P1 can be an excellent entry-level NVMe drive.

The Crucial P1 is a 2280 standard NVMe solid-state drive.
The Crucial P1 is a 2280 standard NVMe solid-state drive.

Crucial P1 NVMe Solid-State Drive

7.3

Performance

7.0/10

Features

6.5/10

Value

8.5/10

Pros

  • Fast performance for casual computing
  • Inexpensive

Cons

  • Significant performance degradation during heavy or prolonged write operations
  • Relatively low endurance
  • No hardware encryption

Crucial P1: First QLC NVMe SSD

Not only the P1 is Micron’s first NMVe SSD, but it’s also the first that uses its quad-level cell (QLC) NAND flash memory as the storage space.

Initially, SSDs use single-layer-cell (SLC) of NAND flash memory which stores only a single bit per cell. This type of memory is super-fast and reliable but expensive. As a result, nowadays SLC is available just in enterprise SSDs.

To make consumer-grade SSDs more affordable, storage vendors have moved on to MLC (two bits per cell), then TLC (three bits per cell). And now the P1’s QLC NAND stores four bits per cell.

This high-density level means you can store more data on the same piece of a silicon wafer and drive the cost down. But in return, the SSD’s performance and its endurance — the amount of data you can write on the drive before you can’t anymore — can take a beating. And that’s the case of the P1.

Crucial P1: Hardware specifications

Capacity500GB1000GB2000GB
Model numberCT500P1SSD8CT1000P1SSD8CT2000P1SSD8
DesignM.2 2280 S3 (Single-Sided)M.2 2280 D2 (Double-Sided)
InterfacePCIe 3.0 x4PCIe 3.0 x4PCIe 3.0 x4
NVMe versionMVMe 1.3MVMe 1.3MVMe 1.3
ControllerSilicon Motion SM2263ENSilicon Motion SM2263ENSilicon Motion SM2263EN
NAND FlashMicron 64L 3D QLCMicron 64L 3D QLCMicron 64L 3D QLC
DRAM512MB DDR31GB DDR32GB DDR3
Sequential Read1,900 MB/s2,000 MB/s2,000 MB/s
Sequential Write950 MB/s1,700 MB/s1,750 MB/s
Random Read QD190,000 IOPS170,000 IOPS250,000 IOPS
Random Write QD1220,000 IOPS240,000 IOPS250,000 IOPS
EncryptionNoneNoneNone
Endurance (Terabytes Written)100 TBW200 TBW400 TBW
MSRP$109.99 $229.99 TBD
Warranty5 Years5 Years5 Years
Crucial P1’s hardware specifications.

Relatively low endurance

The P1 is available in 500GB and 1000GB that has the endurance ratings of 100 terabyte written (TBW) and 200TBW, respectively. (The 2000GB version will be available later this year and will have the endurance of 400TBW). That’s six times less endurance than the Samsung 970 Evo, which uses MLC NAND.

Also in my testing, despite having a small amount of expensive SLC NAND as a cache, the P1 delivered a mixed performance. (More below). What’s more, the drive doesn’t feature hardware encryption, either, so it’s not suitable for business applications.

Crucial P1: Detail photos

Crucial P1 2

Crucial P1 7

Crucial P1 3

Crucial P1 6

Crucial P1 1

Real-word implications

The P1 is inferior to other non-QLC NVMe SSDs. However, for most consumers, its shortcomings — at least some of them — might not matter much.

See also  WD Turns Flagship My Passport SSD Portable Drive Colorful for 2020

Take the endurance, for example, if you write 50 GB — that’s two Blu-ray discs worth of data — on a 1000GB P1 per day and every day, that’d still take you more than five years to wear out its endurance. Since most of us write a lot less than that per day, the drive’s low endurance rating is not a big deal.

What you should care about, however, is the performance and the P1 proved to be a compelling case in my tests.

Crucial P1: Wild performance

The P1 is the first drive I’ve worked with that showed huge performance degradation depending on how much you want to write to it continuously.

Indeed, generally, if you’re going to write about 130GB or less of data to the drive at a time, you’ll have the performance on par with other NVMe SSDs.

For standard copy tests, I used 100GB of data, and the P1 did quite well, as shown in the chart below. It’s not the fastest among NVMe peers by any stretch of the imagination, but still many times faster than even the speediest SATA SSDs.

Crucial P1 Copy Scores

However, when I wrote more than 130GB to the drive, starting with gigabyte number 131 or so, its performance dropped significantly — some ten folds — to just some 100MB/s. And then its speed continued to get even slower, to a crawling 50MB/s at some point, until the end of the copy job.

Crucial P1 Random Scores

I also noted that the amount of data I could copy at fast speed varied. It got progressively smaller the longer I used the computer.

Specifically, at a fresh boot, I got the 130GB pass. After having used the computer for a while running everyday tasks, or after a light copy job, I could only get 100GB or 50GB, or even less, at fast speed before the performance degradation occurred.

The Crucial P1's performance at the beginning (top) and the end of a big copy job.
The Crucial P1’s performance at the beginning (top) and the end of a big copy job.

The reason likely is during heavy loads, the drive runs out of the cache and what you have left is its true QLC NAND performance. The P1 only performs well when it can use its cache, which is limited. In a way, this drive is like a sprinter and not a marathoner. It needs a serious break after a short dash.

But don’t get too disappointed! In daily usage, without the intention to stress the drive, I didn’t notice the performance issue. The test computer still booted fast (taking just a few seconds), and most applications launched quickly. 

Overall, in my experience, simple everyday tasks, like emailing, web-surfing, even media streaming, don’t push P1 past its performance degradation threshold.

Conclusion

Thanks to the pricing, the Crucial P1 is enticing to those wanting to upgrade to NVMe. And indeed, if you’re light users, you’ll be happy with it.

However, due to the lack of the ability to handle heavy loads and extended operations with persistently fast performance, the drive has unpleasant surprises for heavy users.

For this reason, if you edit videos or have to deal with a large amount of data regularly, pick the WD Black, the Samsung 970 Evo, or even the Toshiba RC100, instead.

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